The kingdom of heaven is not a junior high cafeteria. I know you may not need me to say this but it must be said. The kingdom of heaven does not consist in all of humanity jockeying for God’s favor. We have received God’s favor through free grace. 

Once you become a Christian, though, it is difficult to not become a pharisee. The good news of Jesus Christ is so good that we can distort it and turn it into a means of controlling others or lifting ourselves up in comparison to other. It is easy to turn faith into a competition just like it is easy to turn everything in life into a competition. One of the greatest marks of the fall is the human tendency to extract self-worth from comparison with others. ‘At least I’m not as bad as that person.’ In earnest ways, we compare ourselves to others. Yet this is not what our future with God looks like. 

And this is the point of Article XI, one of the more convoluted of the entire Articles of Religion. The main word in the title, supererogation isn’t used at all any more.

Over the last 300 years, the word had a peek usage in the 1840s but is now virtually unknown. The word comes from greek, ergo, work and it means the works above and beyond. 

This does not mean, of course, that we should strive to do the minimum. On the contrary, Article XI helps us to see that we don’t need to do extra things for credit with God in order to earn points. Instead, we should maintain humility in all that we do because it is all from grace that we can follow God’s will at all, let alone happen to do good in this broken world. 

The comparison’s that matter are between ourselves and Christ, between ourselves and the holy people in our lives. If holiness is possible in John Doe, it is possible in me. Because the grace that makes holiness possible in John Doe is that same grace given to me. 

Article XI - Of Works of Supererogation

Voluntary works—besides, over and above God's commandments—which they call works of supererogation, cannot be taught without arrogancy and impiety. For by them men do declare that they do not only render unto God as much as they are bound to do, but that they do more for his sake than of bounden duty is required; whereas Christ saith plainly: When you have done all that is commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants.